31 Aug 06
Concern is brewing among advocacy groups that monitor the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, a staple of protests during the annual meetings of the two organizations, after Singapore threatened a crackdown on some of their activities.
A number of international civil society groups are drafting a letter to the government of Singapore to dissuade the country from vows that its chief security official made against their activities.
Singapore’s Home Affairs Minister Wong Kan Seng had reportedly said that certain civil society actions may “attract severe punishment, including caning and imprisonment” in this Southeast Asian country where a political gathering of more than four people requires a security permit.
Activists interpreted this as a veiled threat and wrote a letter to be sent to Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, possibly later this week, asking him to roll back the warning and allow full access to the groups during the Sept. 19-20 meetings.
“Many groups are concerned about these threats and intimidations, but are determined not to let such threats undermine actions being planned,” said Rukshan Fernando of the Bangkok-based Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA) in an e-mail message to IPS.
The 184-member IMF and the World Bank will hold their annual meeting amid what is expected to be highly tight security in the wealthy city-state, where public demonstrations are banned and the last police license for a demonstration was issued in the late 1980s.
The annual meetings, held outside of Washington, D.C., once every three years, are the largest and most comprehensive gathering of global financial representatives in the world. They are expected to draw about 16,000 visitors this year.
Organizers in Singapore, a country of 4.5 million people, expect some 300 to 500 non-governmental organizations to be accredited by the IMF and World Bank for the meeting.
Meetings for international financial and trade institutions, which often discuss the course of global economic development and plan the underpinning policy strategies, have attracted heated activities from advocacy groups along with street protests, some of them marred by violence.
Around 30,000 demonstrators turned up for the 1999 World Trade Organization (WTO) talks in Seattle, and more than 20,000 protested against the bank and fund in Washington the following year. However, fewer numbers have protested since the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks in the United States.
Some critics have pointed out that these institutions have been holding their meetings in tightly controlled countries, including the last IMF/World Bank meeting outside Washington, held in Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. In 2001, the WTO organized its ministerial conference in Doha, the capital of Qatar, ruled by an authoritarian regime with close military ties to the United States.
Singapore, however, where people are penalized for failing to flush a public lavatory, for instance, had to accept a request by the IMF and World Bank to allow demonstrations during the meeting in order to be able to host the gathering, which usually attracts finance, trade ministers and central bank governors from around the globe.
But activists say that if implemented, the threats from Singapore to restrict their activities could impede their engagement during the meetings on strategic issues such as trade, aid, debt and sustainable development.
“Thus, we would like to highlight the importance of spontaneous and unrestricted civil society actions before, during and after the WB-IMF meeting,” the groups said in their draft letter to the Singapore government.
Dozens of organizations have endorsed the letter so far. These include Focus on the Global South, the Halifax Initiative Coalition in Canada, the Think Center, and Jubilee South.
Singapore says that the IMF and World Bank have an “established process” to engage these groups, including having them take part in activities throughout the annual meetings.
The groups said they expect that even the regulated processes, agreed upon by the IMF and the World Bank with the government of Singapore, will likely follow previous patterns where participation has been selective and exclusive, and has provided limited opportunities for the expression of activist voices.
But a spokesperson for the IMF told IPS that the security issue for the meeting is under discussion with the government of Singapore and said his institution will press for the full participation of advocacy groups.
“The bottom line is that we want to have an inclusive meeting, with active and open NGO participation. That’s the whole plan,” said William Murray of the IMF. “I am not aware of any desire by anybody to cane anybody. This is a hypothetical situation and frankly security is an issue of ongoing discussions.”
NGOs have long criticized the IMF and the World Bank, both dominated by industrialized nations, for placing the interests of international corporations, the rich and local elites before the middle classes and the poor around the world.
Another point of alarm for activists were statements by the government that it would only allow peaceful protests by foreign organizations — waiving the rules that normally apply in Singapore — and that local groups will not be able to participate.
The activists said that peaceful protests are universal rights that should be extended “to all people, including Singaporean people and organizations.”
Earlier in January, the Consumers Association of Penang and Friends of the Earth Malaysia called for a boycott of Singapore Airlines, the national carrier, to protest the warning issued by the Singapore government that it is prepared to “cane” or imprison protesters.
“Imposing restrictions on demonstrations by civil society to express their outrage at the brutal policies of the IMF and World Bank that impoverish societies and destroy the environment is indeed a restriction on the freedom of expression and the right to dissent against unjust policies,” said Mohd Idris, who heads the two groups.
Activists fear that Singapore’s vow to restrict civil society groups is likely to be translated into unwarranted screening of participants in the events and anyone who enters Singapore during that period.
The Singapore government has been keen to use the opportunity to promote tourism and showcase the country as a leading financial center.
During the last annual meetings in Washington, it set up a colorful booth to advertise its housing in 2006. It has already launched a Web site in anticipation of the event that touts the country’s glittering skyscrapers and thriving port. Singapore says it has also prepared a visual arts extravaganza that will take place for the first time in Southeast Asia.